risk literacy

Communicating relative risk changes with baseline risk: presentation format and numeracy matter

_Background_: Treatment benefits and harms are often communicated as relative risk reductions and increases, which are frequently misunderstood by doctors and patients. One suggestion for improving understanding of such risk information is to also …

Statistical thinking: No one left behind

Is the mind an "intuitive statistician"? Or are humans biased and error-prone when it comes to probabilistic thinking? While researchers in the 1950s and 1960s suggested that people reason approximately in accordance with the laws of probability …

Sequential diagnostic reasoning with verbal information

In sequential diagnostic reasoning, the goal is to infer the probability of a cause event from sequentially observed effects. Typically, studies investigating such tasks provide subjects with precise quantitative information regarding the strength of …